Oil forecasting technique adapted for spreadsheets may cut shale operator costs

Porous rock containing oil and natural gas are buried so deep inside the earth that shale operators rely on complex models of the underground environment to estimate fossil fuel recovery. These simulations are notoriously complex, requiring highly-skilled operators to run them. These factors indirectly impact the cost of shale oil production and ultimately, how much

A clear semiconductor based on tin could improve solar power generation

Mobility is a key parameter for semiconductor performance and relates to how quickly and easily electrons can move inside a substance. Researchers have achieved the highest mobility among thin films of tin dioxide ever reported. This high mobility could allow engineers to create thin and even transparent tin dioxide semiconductors for use in next-generation LED

Top 10 Cameras APIs

Cameras are everywhere. On buildings, on street intersections, inside stores, school hallways, and office corridors, at toll booths, all over the airport, on drones in the sky, on doorbells, in cribs, in the woods surveying nature, on trains, planes and automobiles, on police officers, on the heads of extreme athletes, in your child’s hand, and

Blowing bubbles: Scientist confirms way to launch current in fusion plasmas

An obstacle to generating fusion reactions inside facilities called tokamaks is that producing the current in plasma that helps create confining magnetic fields happens in pulses. Such pulses, generated by an electromagnet that runs down the center of the tokamak, would make the steady-state creation of fusion energy difficult to achieve. To address the problem,

3D-printed plastics with high performance electrical circuits

Rutgers engineers have embedded high performance electrical circuits inside 3D-printed plastics, which could lead to smaller and versatile drones and better-performing small satellites, biomedical implants and smart structures. They used pulses of high-energy light to fuse tiny silver wires, resulting in circuits that conduct 10 times more electricity than the state of the art, according

Imperfect diamonds paved road to historic Deep Earth discoveries

Thousands of diamonds, formed hundreds of kilometers deep inside the planet, paved the road to some of the 10-year Deep Carbon Observatory program’s most historic accomplishments and discoveries, being celebrated Oct. 24-26 at the US National Academy of Sciences. Unsightly black, red, green, and brown specks of minerals, and microscopic pockets of fluid and gas

You Want a Prosthetic Leg With a Tesla Coil and Spark Gaps? No Problem

Imagine performing complicated choreography with thousands of volts rippling up and down inside your leg, creating a ladder of buzzing miniature bolts of lightning. That’s what Viktoria Modesta does in a promotional art video released this week for Rolls Royce’s line of Black Badge cars. The video, which you can see at the bottom of

How to control friction in topological insulators

Topological insulators are innovative materials that conduct electricity on the surface, but act as insulators on the inside. Physicists at the University of Basel and the Istanbul Technical University have begun investigating how they react to friction. Their experiment shows that the heat generated through friction is significantly lower than in conventional materials. This is

Scientists ask: How can liquid organelles in cells coexist without merging?

New research may help to explain an intriguing phenomenon inside human cells: how wall-less liquid organelles are able to coexist as separate entities instead of just merging together. These structures, called membrane-less organelles (MLOs), are liquid droplets made from proteins and RNA, with each droplet holding both materials. The organelles play a crucial role in